5 Ancient African Languages Spoken Today

5 Ancient African Languages Spoken Today

With over 2,000 spoken languages, Africa is a continent rich in linguistic diversity. Their dialects include many historical ones that have withstood the test of time and are still used by groups today. These languages offer unique insights into the continent’s old civilizations and are a significant component of Africa’s cultural legacy. In this post, we’ll look at five historic African languages that are still spoken today.

African Historical Languages That Are Still In Use Today

    1. Amharic – Ethiopia

Amharic, the nation of Ethiopia’s official language, has roots that go back more than 2,000 years. It was derived from the ancient Ge’ez language and became the official tongue of the Aksumite Empire. Millions of Ethiopians still speak Amharic, which is an essential part of Ethiopia’s cultural and religious legacy. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church uses it for its liturgy, and it is also extensively spoken in the government, the educational system, and the media.


Additionally, there is a rising need for Amharic medical translation services offered by trustworthy medical translation companies due to the usage of various African languages. These businesses are essential in allowing access to critical healthcare information and services by guaranteeing accurate and efficient communication between medical experts and patients who speak Amharic. 

   2. East Africa’s Swahili

The Bantu language spoken along the eastern coast of Africa for centuries is called Swahili, or Kiswahili, in the local dialect. Its beginnings can be seen in the connections between nearby Bantu villages and Arab traders. Swahili became a common language for trade and communication over time, spreading its impact over a vast area from Kenya to Tanzania and beyond. Over 100 million people speak Swahili now, making it one of the official languages of the African Union. It keeps changing as it encounters new cultures and languages, absorbing their impacts.

   3.  In West Africa, Hausa

Millions of people in West Africa speak Hausa, an old Afro-Asiatic tongue, particularly in Nigeria, Niger, and Ghana. The emergence of the strong Hausa city-states and the trans-Saharan trade routes are both closely entwined with the history of Hausa, which dates back more than a thousand years. It now acts as the regional language of commerce and communication. Additionally, Hausa has had an impact on other West African languages and civilizations, as well as on traditional art forms, music, and literature.

    4. North African Berber

The native populations of North Africa speak the ancient language family known as Berber, sometimes known as Amazigh. The origins of this language, which predates Arab conquests of the area, can be found in the prehistoric civilizations of Carthage and Numidia. The Berber language family comprises many unique dialects, each having a rich past and distinctive cultural value. Berber has survived despite decades of language and cultural blending, and initiatives are being made to revive its usage and support its preservation.

   5. Nigeria, Benin, and Togo speak Yoruba.

The Yoruba language, whose origins can be traced to the ancient city of Iife, has a rich cultural heritage and a long tradition of recorded literature. It includes folklore, music, and religious traditions and is an essential component of Yoruba identity. Tens of millions of people speak Yoruba, which is now recognized as one of Nigeria’s national languages. The nuance and intricacy of the language can cause failure in translation, losing or misrepresenting the genuine spirit and meaning of Yoruba literature, traditions, and expressions. Specialized translation services provided by reputed translation agencies are essential in removing this barrier and guaranteeing that Yoruba literature is successfully communicated to a larger audience.

Concluding Thoughts

The ancient African languages still in use today are more than just collections of letters; they are active reminders of the continent’s rich past and cultural legacy. African languages are enduring and resilient, with Amharic, Swahili, Hausa, Berber, and Yoruba serving as prime examples. We can enhance our knowledge of Africa’s past, promote cultural pride, and celebrate the linguistic diversity that makes our planet really exceptional by appreciating and preserving these languages.

A note about the author – Olivia Evans

Olivia Evans is a linguist who has devoted her professional life to researching and recording African languages in danger of extinction. Olivia’s work strives to increase awareness of the value of maintaining historic African languages and promoting inclusive communication out of a strong appreciation for the continent’s linguistic variety. Her knowledge and dedication are crucial in fostering cross-cultural understanding and ensuring these language gems are preserved for future generations.