In order to understand why Ancient Egyptian Religion was Monotheistic before Akhenaten, it is important to consider the Memphite and Ennead Theologies of Ancient Egypt which reveal that Ancient Egypt was Monotheistic before Akhenaten.
The Monotheism Of Ancient Egypt Before Akhenaten
Akhenaten did not introduce Monotheism to Ancient Egypt because the Ennead and Memphite Theologies were the basis of the Ancient Egyptian Monotheistic Religion that already existed in Ancient Egypt before Akhenaten.
The Ancient Egyptian Tree of Life from the Ennead and Memphite Theology show us that Monotheism was not introduced to Egypt by Akhenaten because before the reign of Akhenaten Ancient Egyptian Religion already fundamentally taught that all reality was a Manifestation of the One Supreme Being.
Akhenaten did not therefore introduce the Monotheistic concept of One Supreme Being to Ancient Egypt because Ancient Egyptian Religion was already based on the concept of One Supreme Being before Akhenaten.
The One Supreme Being of Egyptian Monotheism was represented by 11 Spheres called the Neteru Deities.
These Neteru Deities have been the main source of confusion that has led to the mistaken conclusion that Akhenaten introduced Monotheism to a Polytheistic Egypt when Egypt was always Monotheistic because of its belief in One Supreme Being expressed through 11 Spheres (Neteru).
The fact that Akhenaten did not introduce Monotheism to Ancient Egypt can be appreciated once it is understood that the Neteru like Ausar (Osiris), Auset (Isis) and Heru (Horus) are not Gods but Deities that represent separate aspects of the One Supreme Being.
0) Sphere 0: Represented by Amen the source of all Life and Consciousness;
i) Sphere 1: The Divine unconditioned Self represented by the Neter Ausar;
iii) Sphere 2: Divine Wisdom represented by the Neter Tehuti;
iii) Sphere 3: The Source Of the Life Force represented by the Neter Seker;
v) Sphere 5: Enforcer of Divine Law represented by the Neter Herukhuti;
vi) Sphere 6: Will represented by the Neter Heru;
vii) Sphere 7: Imagination represented by the Neter Het Heru;
viii) Sphere 8: Emotions represented by the Neter Sebek;
x) Sphere 10: Earth Locus Of Man’s Consciousness represented by the Neter Geb.
Based on the above, Ancient Egyptian Religion was Monotheistic from its origins before Akhenaten because the Egyptians always believed in One Supreme Being manifest in different forms.
The Neteru Deities of Ancient Egyptian Monotheism are not ‘Gods’ acting consciously but can be understood better as Universal Principles of Nature.
It was the Greeks and later Egyptologists who misinterpreted the original symbolic representations of the NeTCHeRu as the term Gods and in doing so, they misunderstood Ancient Egypt’s Religion as Polytheistic when it was actually always Monotheistic.
Akhenaten therefore did not introduce Monotheism to Ancient Egypt because the Egyptians always believed in one unnamed and unknowable Ntchr (Supreme Being) who could best be understood through metaphor.
Monotheism was not introduced to Ancient Egypt by Akhenaten.
Instead according to Dr Kaba Kamene is Spirituality Before Religion, Akhenaten only emphasised the importance of the Sun’s invisible radiation as the source of Life from the Principal Egyptian Neter RA as opposed to visible light energy being the source of life.
Akhenaten therefore did not introduce Monotheism to a Polytheistic Egypt but simply re-interpreted the philosophical concept of the active aspect of the Principal Egyptian Neter RA from visible light to invisible radiation which ignited a Theological battle with the established Priests of the RA Cult who sought to maintain the primary concept of RA as visible light energy.
For these reasons, it has been suggested that Akhenaten did not introduce Monotheism to Ancient Egypt because Ancient Egyptian Religion in the Kemetic Civilization was always Monotheistic based on the Ennead and Memphite Theologies.