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The Moors ruled and influenced Europe all the way to Southern France and parts of Spain when Europe fell into decline after the fall of the Roman Empire.
The origins of the Moors rule and influence on Europe began when the Arabs came into Africa around 639 AD as part of a Jihad which took over Egypt, Libya and the Maghreb inhabited by indigenous Black peoples that the Romans called Moor.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Moors Migrated into Europe via the Sea under the command of the African General Tarik Ibn Ziad who conquered the Visigoth Kings.
The conquest of the Visigoth Kings by the Moors led to the establishment of the rule of the Moors in Europe.
Europe Under The Rule Of The Moors
The Moors ruled Europe in a tolerant manner and allowed Christianity to thrive.
Furthermore, the Moors infuenced Europena Culture by introducing Europe to the Classical Sciences translated from Greek.
Complex grand Architecture erected by the Moors who ruled Europe is also evidence of how much influence the Moors had on Europe.
Cosmopolitan Cities such as Granada, Seville and Cordoba thrived in Europe under the rule of the Moors.
The Moors preserved, transmitted and contributed to the Ancient Knowledge from Egypt that had been acquired and preserved by the Greeks and passed it onto the Europeans they ruled and influenced.
Europeans then translated the entire science from Arabic and exported it beyond Spain. The translated Texts circulated all over Europe leading eventually to the establishment of such esteemed European Centres of Learning like Oxford University whose initial Curriculum was distinguished because it relied heavily on the knowledge from the Moor Texts.
It was the influence of the Moors during their interaction with the Europe they ruled that led to knowledge by transmitted by the Moors to the Europeans.
The knowledge the Europeans obtained from the Moors that ruled Europe was what enabled the Renaissance period of enlightenment which has shaped the face of modern Europe and the World today.
It can be said that it was the influence of the Moors that ruled Europe that led to the enlightenment.
Decline Of The Influence Of The Moors In Europe
The Crusades would ultimately lead to the decline of the influence of the Moors in Europe.
By the 13th century, the Crusaders began winning pockets of control in the territory of the Moors in Europe all the way to Spain primarily because the Moors were engaged in internal fighting over control of the Islamic Caliphate.
As a result, Moorish control gradually declined as Europeans continued to gain a stronghold amongst the divided Moors.
Eventually, the last stronghold of the Moors in Europe was Granada in the South of Spain until Cordoba fell, followed by Valencia and Seville.
The marriage of Isabella and Ferdinand united Europe under Catholic Spain, and Granada the last City of the Moors was finally besieged until it finally surrendered.
On January 1 1492 Isabella and Ferdinand took the keys of the palace of Alhambra and ousted the Moorish Ruler Bhu Abdul marking the end of the period of the rule and influence of the Moors in Europe.
Following the conquest of Granada, the Spanish inquisition began which led to religious persecution and ethnic cleansing, making it impossible for Muslims to practise their religion openly in Europe.
In 1609, there was an official expulsion of the Moors in Europe, and most of the Moors that fled Europe found refuge in North and West Africa.
Legacy Of The Moors Rule In Europe
The Moors that ruled and influenced Europe acted as a Bridge between the modern world and the knowledge of Antiquity.
Perhaps the most important influence that came from the rule of the Moors in Europe is the European Renaissance period of enlightenment which has formed the pillar of the modern world through the advances in Science, Mathematics, Knowledge and Culture it inspired.
Many of the structures built by the Moors also still exist in Europe today with some being converted to Cathedrals, a further sign of the enduring influence of the Moors on Europe..
Indeed the most telling tribute to the influence of the Moors on Europe is on the Arabic inscription on the Graves of the European Conquerors of the Moors, Ferdinand and Isabella: ‘There is no God, but Allah’.
Influence Of The Moors On Europe