Ancient Egyptians produced two types of Burial Funerary Texts known as the Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts which according to Ancient Egypt’s Metu Neter Oracle whose true meaning was to symbolise the Spiritual quest of Egyptians in accordance with the principles of the Ausarian Religion of Ancient Kemet.
The Pyramid Texts and later the Coffin Texts were Burial Funerary Texts that both symbolised the Spiritual quest and journey of all Ancient Egyptians who followed the Ausarian Religion and sought to achieve the goal of attaining the Divine likeness of the Supreme Being symbolised by the Metu Netu Deity Ausar in the afterlife which was the fundamental teaching on the purpose of Human existence according to the Ausarian Religion of Ancient Kemet.
The Pyramid Texts
The Pyramid Texts are the oldest Ancient Egyptian funerary texts, and they go back as far as the Old Egyptian Kingdom.
These Pyramid Texts were sculpted onto the walls and the Sarcophagi of the Pyramids at Saqqara from the end of the 5th Dynasty, as well as throughout the 6th Dynasty right up to the period of the 8th Dynasty with the earliest Pyramid Texts dating at least as far back as 2400– 2300 BC with some Historians suggesting that they may even be older going back at least 10 000 years to the earliest period of Pre-Dynastic Egypt.
During the Old Kingdom (2686 BCE– 2181 BCE), Pyramid Texts were now also found in the Tombs of Queens and this spread of funerary Texts would culminate in the use of Coffin Texts amongst the ordinary Egyptian people who could not be buried in the auspicious Pyramid Tombs of the Pharaohs but still needed their Souls to be guided in the afterlife.
The following is an extract from the Pyramid Text of the Pharaoh Unas:
‘O Ausar Unas…Thou exists at the side of God after death.
He sits on the Throne of the Supreme Being
Make Salutations, you Angels (Neteru) to the King’.
The Coffin Texts (Pert Em Hru: Egyptian Book Of The Dead)
The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts or Pert Em Hru are a collection of Egyptian Funerary Text spells inscribed on coffins starting in the First Intermediate Period that have become popularly known as the Egyptian Book Of The Dead.
Initially the Egyptian Coffin Texts were based on earlier Pyramid Texts, however, in time they were developed to meet the needs of everyday common people dating back to 2100 BCE.
Due to the limited writing space available on Coffins, a some of the Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts were shortened giving rise to long and short versions and some Egyptian Coffin Texts were later included in what has become known as The Egyptian Book Of the Dead.
The following is an extract from the Pert Em Hru Egyptian Coffin Text of the Egyptian Scribe Ani:
“Tehuti anncounces, the heart of Ausar, the Scribe Ani has in very truth been weighed, and his Soul has stood as a Witness for him; and it hath been found true by the Trial in the Great Balance…”
The Purpose Of Egyptian Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts
According to Ancient Egypt’s Metu Neter, The Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts were essentially epitaphs in remembrance of the Spiritual Quest of Ancient Egyptians to live according to the Law of Divine Justice or Maat.
As such, the Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts served as guidance of Divine Law for the Soul in the Spiritual Realm of the Dead in the same way the Metu Neter Oracle provided guidance for the Soul to follow Divine Law in the Physical Realm during life.
The culmination of the Soul’s journey in the Underworld or Spiritual was the Weighing of the Deeds of the Soul on the scales of Divine Law by the Egyptian Diety Tehuti (Thot).
After the weighing of the Soul, the Ancient Egyptian Burial Texts provided for two possible outcomes.
The first and best outcome was entrance into a good afterlife with the Ancestors symbolised by being admitted to join Ausar (Osiris). If the Deeds of the Soul did not balance with the Scales of Maat, then the Soul was consumed by the Beast Ammit which meant that the Soul would be reincarnated into a new Body for another lifetime of learning on Earth so that it could become self-aware of its Divine essence in the likeness of Ausar by living according to Divine Law in the next lifetime.
The Funerary Texts of Ancient Egypt as written in the Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts are ultimately the final Chapter of the Soul’s journey according to the Auasarian Religion in which the Soul was held accountable for its decision to either accept or deny to follow Divine Law (Maat) during a person’s lifetime.
As such, whilst a lot emphasis has been placed on the spells and incantations in the Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts in popular understanding particularly of the Pert Em Hru Egyptian Book Of The Dead, the funerary texts of Ancient Egypt were not intended to be purely Mystical or Magical.
Instead, the Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts were treated as important as Life itself by the Ancient Egyptians because these Burial Funerary Texts of the Ancient Egyptians would ultimately guide the Soul in the outcome of life’s most important task which was the Soul’s reckoning with the Supreme Being (Ausar).
Living according to Divine Law or Maat was the ultimate purpose of Life for Ancient Egyptians and for this reason the true meaning of the Burial Funerary Texts of Ancient Egypt recorded in the Pyramid Texts and the Coffin Texts should be understood in the context of the Ausarian Religion which was followed by the Ancient Egyptians as the path to Man realising his Divine Essence or Likeness to the Supreme Being, Ausar (Osiris).