The Evil of Narcissism

The Evil of Narcissism

Narcissism, a term derived from the Greek myth of Narcissus, who fell in love with his reflection, has evolved in our collective consciousness to describe individuals with an excessive interest in or admiration of themselves. In the realm of psychology, narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is characterized by a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior featuring exaggerated feelings of self-importance, an excessive need for admiration, and a lack of empathy for others.

But when the archetypical behaviors of narcissists, which go beyond mere psychological demonstrations, start mirroring what many consider to be inherently evil actions, it compels us to question whether there’s a spiritual malignancy at play.

This exploration seeks to understand if narcissism, in its extreme forms, transcends the boundaries of a psychological disorder to reflect a deeper, more sinister spiritual malaise.

Psychological Perspectives on Narcissism

From a clinical standpoint, narcissism is classified within a spectrum, ranging from healthy self-esteem on one end to narcissistic personality disorder on the extreme other. The latter encompasses traits that significantly impair an individual’s ability to form healthy relationships and function in society. These traits include a grandiose sense of self-importance, a constant need for attention and admiration, interpersonal exploitation, envy, arrogance, and lack of empathy.

The DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition) delineates these criteria, situating NPD as a diagnosable mental health condition.

However, the pathological behaviors associated with NPD—manipulation, exploitation, emotional abuse—force us to confront the possibility that what we are witnessing might not be merely a disorder but a manifestation of something profoundly malevolent. These behaviors, destructive and hurtful, often leave deep emotional scars on the victims, raising the question: can these actions, and by extension, the individuals perpetrating them, be considered evil?

The Archetype of Evil in Narcissistic Behavior

The concept of evil has been deliberated upon by philosophers, theologians, and scholars throughout history, often described as a force that is morally wrong, harmful, or malevolent. When narcissistic behaviors are examined through this lens, the parallels are unsettling. The manipulation and exploitation inherent in severe narcissistic behavior not only harm individuals but can also disrupt the moral fabric of communities. Narcissists, in their relentless pursuit of admiration and dominance, often engage in actions that disregard the well-being of others, actions that, in many contexts, could easily be categorized as evil.

Moreover, the lack of empathy—a hallmark trait of narcissism—mirrors the cold, detached disposition attributed to those who commit acts of evil. The capacity to hurt, deceive, or exploit without remorse suggests a disconnect from the fundamental human values of compassion and empathy, hinting at a deeper spiritual void.

Narcissism and Spiritual Corruption

The idea that narcissism may embody a form of spiritual corruption invites us to explore the concept of evil from a metaphysical perspective. In many religious and spiritual traditions, evil is not just a moral failing but a deviation from a divine or natural order. It represents a corruption of the soul, a turning away from the light of virtue and goodness.

When narcissistic individuals harm others without remorse, prioritize their needs above all else, and engage in deceitful, exploitative behavior, they are not just exhibiting symptoms of a psychological disorder. They might also be manifesting signs of spiritual degradation, a turning inward toward darkness that blinds them to the suffering they cause. This spiritual corruption not only affects the individuals themselves but also those around them, spreading ripples of negativity and harm through communities and relationships.

The Complexity of Labeling Narcissism as Evil

While it’s tempting to label severe narcissistic behaviour as evil due to its destructive impact, it’s important to approach this categorization with caution. Narcissism, particularly when it reaches the threshold of NPD, is a complex psychological condition that can have various root causes, including genetic predisposition, early childhood experiences, and environmental factors. Viewing individuals with NPD purely through the lens of moral judgment risks oversimplifying their condition and overlooking the potential for healing and rehabilitation.

Furthermore, the concept of evil is subjective and culturally conditioned, varying widely across different societies and philosophical schools of thought. What one culture or individual may consider evil, another may not. This subjectivity complicates the task of definitively classifying narcissistic behavior as evil, suggesting the need for a more nuanced understanding that considers both the psychological and spiritual dimensions of the condition.

Towards a Deeper Understanding of Narcissism

Recognizing the potentially evil nature of narcissistic behaviour invites us to explore more deeply the interplay between psychology, morality, and spirituality. It challenges us to find ways to address not only the symptoms of NPD but also the underlying spiritual malaise that may drive these behaviors. This involves fostering environments that promote empathy, compassion, and genuine self-reflection, both for individuals with narcissistic tendencies and for society as a whole.

Healing from the impact of narcissism—whether on a personal or communal level—requires a multifaceted approach that integrates psychological therapy, spiritual renewal, and the cultivation of healthy, empathetic relationships. By confronting the darkness of narcissism with a holistic understanding that encompasses its psychological and spiritual dimensions, we can hope to mitigate its destructive effects and guide those affected towards a path of recovery and redemption.


The behaviours exhibited by individuals with severe forms of narcissism force us to confront the possibility that we are witnessing more than a psychological disorder; we might be facing a manifestation of evil itself. The archetypical behaviors of narcissists—manipulation, exploitation, lack of empathy—mirror the very essence of what many consider to be evil actions, suggesting that narcissism may indeed involve a spiritual quality of evil beyond being a simple psychological disorder.

However, labeling narcissistic behavior as evil must be approached with caution, recognizing the complex interplay of psychological, moral, and spiritual factors at play.