Before Dr Obenga suggested that writing had its origins in the Egyptian African Metu Neter writing system, the mystery of the origins of writing had seen various conclusions drawn, the most prominent of which is that the origins of world Writing can be traced to Ancient Sumer in Mesopotamia where the Cuneiform Script was developed as suggested by Scholars like John D. Ray, a British Scholar who concluded that writing came to Egypt from Sumer.
However, despite these differing points of view, Ancient Historical records demonstrating the Egyptian African Origins of writing have always existed dating back as far as the Phoenicians and Ancient Greece such as in Plato’s Phaedrus dialogue where Socrates attests to the fact that the ta grammata, or, “the letters”, were transmitted to the Greeks by the Ancient African Egyptians of Kemet being an inheritance given to the Ancient Egyptian Africans by the Egyptian Neter Thoth (Tehuti).
Strong support for the argument that African Egyptian writing is the origin of writing throughout the world can be traced to 3 400 BC to when the Pre-Dynastic Nubians of Egypt developed the Medu (Metu) Neter Hieroglyphic script based on the excavations led by Dr. Giinter Dreyer, Director of the German Archaeological Institute in Cairo in 1998 which discovered the most ancient written texts in world history at Abydos, in Upper (Southern) Egypt.
This discovery which provides convincing evidence for the conclusion that the origins of world writing can be traced to Egyptian African writing circa 3 400 BC in the period of Africa’s Pre-Dynastic Nubian Egyptians is in the form of more than 200 Tablets of written Metu Neter writing system Hieroglyphs that were found at Abydos, one of the first Cities or Nomes of Ancient Egypt.
The Ivory Tablets found at Abydos which form the basis of Dr Obenga’s Thesis that the origins of writing in the world can be traced to Egyptian African writing circa 3 400 BC in the period of Africa’s Pre-Dynastic Nubian Egypt are scripts consisting of written signs with a specific sound or Phonetic value, and radiocarbon dating has established that they are much older than Sumerian Cuneiform Script.
Based on the findings at Abydos which point to the Egyptian African origins of writing by the Nubians of Pre-Dynastic Nubian Egypt circa 3400 BC, Dr Obenga contends that the following is the actual Chronological order in which writing across the world developed:
- Egyptian Medu Neter System of Writing : The earliest hieroglyphic signs dating from about 3400 B.C. This system of writing was developed in three successive stages, known as hieroglyphic, hieratic, and demotic writing;
- Sumerian Writing : about 3060 B.C.. The Sumerian Cuneiform Script which was on Clay dating back to about 3000 B.C;
- Chinese Writing System : The earliest Chinese inscriptions found on bronze vessels and oracle bones date back to about 1766 B.C.
- Mayan Script : The script of the Maya civilization of central America dating from 500 B.C. to 1200 A.D.
The oldest Egyptian African Metu Neter Hieroglyphic writing system also gave birth to many other scripts in the world including Phoenician and Aramaic writing, which in turn gave birth to Greek, Roman and Hebrew script.
According to Historian Dr Theophile Obenga, the origins of writing throughout the world can be traced to Egyptian African writing circa 3 400 BC in the period of Africa’s Pre-Dynastic Nubian Egypt because:
- Writing originated in the Nile Valley with texts dated back to 3400 B.C. based on the Medu Neter Ivory Tablets found at Abydos.
- Secondly, this Ancient Pre-Dynastic Egyptian African script gave birth to many other scripts still in use today, such as Hebrew and Greek.
The Sumerian Cuneiform script did not spread beyond Mesopotamia and ultimately, it makes sense that writing originated in Africa because Africa is also the cradle of mankind.
Its also interesting to note that the discovery of Tablets inscribed with the Ancient Egyptian Medu Neter writing system Hieroglyphs was at Abydos in Upper (Southern Egypt) which is the region of Egypt that was always associated with the Nubians.
Thus the discovery of the Egyptian Metu Neter Writing System Hieroglyphic Tablets at Abydos in confirming the Egyptian African origins of writing based on evidence from the Southern Region of the Nubians bears witness to the importance the Nubian Africans or Ethiopians in the birth and development of the High culture of the Egyptian Civilization right from the outset going back to the days of Pre-Dynastic Egypt.