The Great Sphinx of Giza is one of the oldest, largest and most myserious monuments ever built. The debate as to its age continues with suggestions that it is far older than the current academic paradigm claims with the result that its true origins may still remain essentially unexplained.
One of the most interesting objections to the currently accepted view on the Sphinx is the argument that the Sphinx was not built by Khafre because the image on the Sphinx is not a likeness of Khafre as claimed by Egyptologists.
This is after forensic facial reconstructions of the Pyramid face and Khafre’s Statue revealed that they depicted two different people with the additional possibility that the Sphinx does not represent the face of a man but that of a woman.
In addition, its been argued that the Sphinx is centuries older than mainstream Egyptology claims because erosion marks on the Sphinx suggest extensive rainfall over a very prolonged period.
This kind of weather pattern was not evident at the time of the 4th Dynasty of Egypt and so the statue is likely older than the 4th Dynasty.
Further evidence suggesting a construction period of the Sphinx greatly predating the 4th Dynasty may perhaps be indicated by the astronomical significance of its shape being that of a Lion.
Roughly every 2000 years and because of the phenomenon of the precession of the equinoxes, the Sun on the Spring Equinox rises against the background of a different Star constellation. For the past 2000 years that constellation has been Pisces, the Christian fish symbol.
Prior to the age of Pisces, the Sun rose against the background of the age of Aries Constellation signified by the Ram.
The builders of the Sphinx used Astrological symbolism in the Architecture, and geological findings indicate that the Sphinx may have been sculpted sometime before 10,000 BC which coincides with the age of Leo the Lion, lasting from 10,000BC.
The Sphinx may therefore represent the constellation of Leo the Lion which would have been the stellar background against which the Sun rose around 10 000BC.
Adding to the chorus of dissenting voices are Ancient Astronaut Theorists who have also offered an alternative explanation for the Sphinx.
In Book 3, The Wars of Gods and Men, Sitchin presents a diagram of the layout of the area of Giza, Sinai Israel and Lebanon.
From the layout, a dotted line runs from Giza to where Sitchin proposes that the Anunnaki built Spaceport facilities in the Sinai which were connected to the Egyptian Pyramids at Giza, with the Great Pyramid being used as part of a runway line directing incoming spacecraft.
Ultimately, the lack of consensus among academics coupled with the alternative Astronomical and Archeological findings raises a genuine possibility that the Great Sphinx is much older than the current view promoted in Egyptology.
While a few academic scholars and amateur archaeologists such as Hancock propose the existence of a Lost Civilization that may be responsible for the Sphinx, none of them really takes the leap in dealing with the next logical questions which would be who were they and where did they come from?
Whilst his theories are disputed, Zecharia Sitchin has attempted to answer these questions.
Given the doubts raised and lack of consensus, it would not be sensible to completely close ourselves to the possibility of alternative explanations both now and in the future as to the origins of the Sphinx particularly because the mysteries of other Ancient Sites like Gobekli Tepe still remain unresolved.