Sam Bankman-Fried: The FTX Crypto Exchange Collapse

Sam Bankman-Fried: The Role Of Effective Altruism & Binance In The FTX Collapse

Sam Bankman-Fried is known for his role in the founding of FTX Exchange which resulted in Sam Bankman-Fried becoming a prominent figure in the crypto space before his arrest where he is facing multiple criminal charges related to FTX and the massive losses suffered by ordinary Investors who had bought into his grand vision for Cryptocurrency.

We explore Sam Bankman-Fried’s journey, his impact on the crypto industry, the influence of the Effective Altrusim Movement on Sam Bankman-Fried and the much publicised rivalry between Sam Bankman-Fried and Changpeng Zhao (CZ) founder of Binance, FTX’s main competitor in the Crypto Space.

The Sam Bankman-Fried Story

Sam Bankman-Fried is widely recognized for his pivotal role in the cryptocurrency ecosystem. He is known for:

  1. Founding FTX Exchange: Sam co-founded FTX, a cryptocurrency exchange, in 2017. FTX quickly gained recognition for its innovative derivatives trading platform, user-friendly interface, and unique products, making it one of the fastest-growing exchanges in the world.
  2. Alameda Research: Sam was the CEO of Alameda Research, a quantitative cryptocurrency trading firm that managed a substantial amount of digital assets. Alameda Research portrayed itself as an expert in the crypto markets.
  3. Philanthropy: Sam was an active advocate for Effective Altruism and pledged to donate a significant portion of his wealth to charitable causes. 

Sam Bankman-Fried’s Background and the Effective Altruism Movement

Sam Bankman-Fried’s journey in the world of cryptocurrency and finance is deeply intertwined with his involvement in the Effective Altruism (EA) movement. EA is a philosophy and social movement that emphasizes using evidence and reason to determine the most effective ways to do good in the world.

Sam’s background includes a degree in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His introduction to EA occurred during his time at MIT, where he became actively engaged with the movement’s ideas and principles. 

The EA movement played a crucial role in shaping Sam’s perspective and motivating him to take actions that aligned with its principles. He realized that he could leverage his skills and resources to maximize positive outcomes for society. This realization led to the establishment of Alameda Research and FTX Exchange.

The Rise of Sam Bankman-Fried: Alameda Research and FTX Exchange

  1. Alameda Research: Sam founded Alameda Research as a quantitative cryptocurrency trading firm that specialized in market-making and liquidity provision. 
  2. FTX Exchange: In 2017, Sam co-founded FTX Exchange along with Gary Wang. FTX gained recognition for its innovative features, including leveraged tokens, prediction markets, and a user-friendly interface. The exchange quickly became a major player in the crypto industry, attracting traders and investors from around the world.
  3. Impact on Crypto Derivatives: FTX Exchange introduced a wide range of cryptocurrency derivatives, including futures and options contracts for various assets. Sam’s vision for FTX was to create a platform that could cater to both retail and institutional traders while offering innovative products not found on traditional exchanges
Despite Sam Bankman-Fried’s claims about the legitimacy of the business of FTX and Alameda research, since Sam Bankman-Fried’s arrest US authorities now claim that Sam Bankman-Fried misused customer funds by diverting billions of dollars in customer funds from the FTX Exchange to fund trading at Alameda Research, purchase Luxury real estate in the Bahamas where FTX was based, and to make political contributions with the goal of influencing Legislators to regulate Cryptocurrency Markets in a way that would be favourable to FTX.

The Clash Between CZ of Binance and Sam Bankman-Fried

Bankman-Fried, while denying any wrongdoing, has been quick to place the blame on Changpeng Zhao (CZ), the CEO of Binance, for what he perceives as a deliberate effort to sabotage FTX and eliminate competition.

The rift between Sam Bankman-Fried and Changpeng Zhao had been brewing for some time, but it reached a tipping point on November 6 when CZ publicly announced plans to liquidate all FTT tokens held by Binance, FTX’s native token. This move was a response to concerns raised about FTX’s liquidity.

Bankman-Fried swiftly defended FTX, asserting that liquidity was not an issue and dismissing rumors circulated by competitors as an attempt to tarnish the exchange’s reputation.

However, by November 8, Bankman-Fried had a change of tone. He reached out to CZ and Binance, seeking their assistance in resolving the liquidity challenges arising from a surge in user withdrawals. FTX had to temporarily halt withdrawals to stabilize its reserves.

Amidst the turmoil, there was a formal proposal from Binance to acquire FTX. Yet, this deal fell apart before it could materialize. Just two days after expressing gratitude to CZ for his cooperation, Bankman-Fried conceded defeat, stating, “Well played; you won,” in reference to CZ’s decision to withdraw from the FTX buyout discussions.

The situation escalated further when, on November 11, Bankman-Fried filed for bankruptcy for FTX, followed by the Bahamas-based entity five days later. This sudden turn of events prompted a flurry of investigations to unravel how one of the world’s most valuable exchanges could face insolvency in a matter of days, particularly given its valuation of over $30 billion.

On December 9, CZ provided his perspective on the situation. He contended that Bankman-Fried had spent millions on promotional campaigns for FTX, utilizing clients’ funds without their consent. CZ argued that Bankman-Fried’s recent interviews were an attempt to divert attention from the substantial losses incurred by clients.

CZ emphasized that the situation was never a competition, and the collapse of FTX was not a victory for anyone. Instead, it resulted in numerous losers, including clients who suffered financial losses, and businesses interconnected with FTX that announced their own financial difficulties.


Sam Bankman-Fried’s journey from the world of Effective Altruism to the creation of Alameda Research and FTX Exchange showcases the influence of the ideas of the Effective Altruism Movement on Sam Bankman-Fried as an Entrepreneur. 

The clash between Sam Bankman-Fried and Changpeng Zhao has sent shockwaves through the cryptocurrency community. Allegations of unethical practices, financial instability, and a failed acquisition deal have raised questions about the future of FTX and the broader crypto industry.

The repercussions from the FTX Collapse and Sam Bankman-Fired’s impending Criminal Trial will undoubtedly shape the trajectory of both FTX and the cryptocurrency ecosystem as a whole as Sam Bankman-Fried goes on Trial for the Courts to determine whether FTX improperly used customer funds to support Alameda Research, purchase Luxury real estate and to make Political contributions.