Sacred Symbolism of the Python Snake in African Spirituality

Sacred Symbolism of the Python Snake in African Spirituality

Throughout the rich tapestry of African spirituality, symbols and metaphors play a profound role in conveying profound spiritual truths and insights.

Among these symbols, the Python snake holds a special place, representing the infinite nature of time and the creative potential of the Supreme Being as the Creator of the Universe. 

I. The Python Snake as a Serpent Symbol

In African Spirituality, the Serpent, the Python snake, in particular, is often associated with positive and sacred attributes, representing the depths of ancient wisdom and cosmic creativity.

The Python snake, with its sinuous and never-ending form, symbolizes the infinite nature of time in African spirituality. Time is seen as cyclical rather than linear, and the Python embodies this cyclical nature, signifying that the past, present, and future are interconnected and interdependent.

In African spirituality, the Python snake is viewed as a manifestation of the Supreme Being’s creative potential. Its presence in the natural world serves as a reminder of the ongoing act of creation and the divine intelligence that underlies all existence. The Python’s ability to shed its old skin and emerge renewed symbolizes the eternal cycle of creation and renewal.

The Python’s striking colors and patterns are often seen as a reflection of the Supreme Being’s artistic creativity. In African spirituality, these colors are associated with the vibrancy and diversity of the natural world, representing the infinite expressions of creation.

Python Symbolism in Different African Cultures

3.1. Dahomey (Benin) and the Royal Python

In the Dahomey culture of Benin, the Python snake is revered as a royal symbol. The royal Python is often kept in sacred shrines and palaces, and its presence is believed to bring blessings and protection. It is considered a mediator between the earthly realm and the spiritual world, and its movements are interpreted as messages from the divine.

3.2. Igbo Culture (Nigeria) and the Python Deity

In Igbo culture in Nigeria, the Python is associated with the deity Idemili, a revered goddess of fertility and earth. The Python is believed to embody the essence of Idemili and is considered a sacred creature. Python divination rituals are performed to seek guidance and healing, and the Python is seen as a messenger between humans and the divine.

3.3. The Serpent in Kemetic Egyptian Spirituality

The Uraeus, a stylized representation of a rearing cobra, was worn as a symbol of protection by pharaohs and was associated with the Wadjet. The cobra was believed to spit fire at enemies and serve as a guardian of the divine order.

Python Symbolism and Rituals

In various African cultures, Python symbolism is integrated into rituals and ceremonies. Python dances, in which individuals mimic the movements of the Python, are performed to invoke the spirit of the snake and connect with its sacred energy. These rituals are believed to bring blessings, healing, and protection.

Python divination is a common practice in African spirituality. Diviners, often referred to as Python priests or priestesses, use the movements and behavior of Pythons to interpret messages from the spirit world. Python divination is consulted for a wide range of purposes, including healing, guidance, and resolving conflicts.

In some African cultures, it is believed that certain individuals are spiritually linked to Pythons and are considered Python people. These individuals are believed to have a special connection to the Python spirit and are often entrusted with its care and veneration. Python people are regarded as guardians of the Python’s wisdom and blessings.


The Python snake, with its sinuous form and vibrant colours, holds a sacred place in African spirituality, symbolizing the infinite nature of time and the creative potential of the Supreme Being as the Creator of the Universe. Across different African cultures, the Python is revered as a messenger of the divine, a symbol of wisdom, and a source of healing and protection.

Its significance extends beyond mythology and rituals; it serves as a reminder of the interconnectedness of all life and the profound wisdom embedded in the natural world.