The 42 Laws of Maat from Kemet Law are important as the basis of the Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality which Ancient Egyptians believed in.
Maat is the aspect of Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality that represents Law, Order, Balance and Harmony in the Cosmos as well as in the Individual based on Egyptian Kemetic Theology such as the Ennead of Heliopolis and The Memphite Theology recorded on the Shabaka Stone which form the philosophical basis of the 42 Laws of Maat.
At the individual level, Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality as taught in the 42 Laws Of Maat required that people exercise their free will voluntarily to follow the Divine Law contained in the 42 Laws Maat in order for individuals and Egyptian Kemetic Civilization itself to prosper.
Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality and its Ausarian Religion taught that failure by the individual to follow the Divine 42 Laws Of Maat during life would result in the individual’s failure to enter the afterlife following the final Judgment in the Underworld or Duat as related in the Egyptian Book Of The Dead.
Its also important to understand that Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality regarded the 42 Laws of Maat as more than just a means of individual afterlife Salvation.
In Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality, the 42 Laws of Maat were regarded as an integral part of the Metaphysical Laws of the Universe which were necessary to prevent Chaos both in the Cosmos and in the individual’s Earthly life.
As such, a fundamental teaching of Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality was that a failure to follow the 42 Laws Of Maat would not only lead to individual failure but the collapse of the Egyptian Kemetic Civilization itself due to the absence of Law, Order and Conscience.
The 42 Laws of Maat Of Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality
Chapter 125 of The Papyrus of Ani contains a Pronounciation of the 42 Divine Laws Of Maat, where the deceased is led by Anubis into the Underworld and declares that they have followed the 42 Laws Of Maat during their lifetime:
- I have not committed sin.
- I have not committed robbery with violence.
- I have not stolen.
- I have not slain men or women.
- I have not stolen food.
- I have not swindled offerings.
- I have not stolen from God/Goddess.
- I have not told lies.
- I have not carried away food.
- I have not cursed.
- I have not closed my ears to truth.
- I have not committed adultery.
- I have not made anyone cry.
- I have not felt sorrow without reason.
- I have not assaulted anyone.
- I am not deceitful.
- I have not stolen anyone’s land.
- I have not been an eavesdropper.
- I have not falsely accused anyone.
- I have not been angry without reason.
- I have not seduced anyone’s wife.
- I have not polluted myself.
- I have not terrorized anyone.
- I have not disobeyed the Law.
- I have not been exclusively angry.
- I have not cursed God/Goddess.
- I have not behaved with violence.
- I have not caused disruption of peace.
- I have not acted hastily or without thought.
- I have not overstepped my boundaries of concern.
- I have not exaggerated my words when speaking.
- I have not worked evil.
- I have not used evil thoughts, words or deeds.
- I have not polluted the water.
- I have not spoken angrily or arrogantly.
- I have not cursed anyone in thought, word or deeds.
- I have not placed myself on a pedestal.
- I have not stolen what belongs to God/Goddess.
- I have not stolen from or disrespected the deceased.
- I have not taken food from a child.
- I have not acted with insolence.
- I have not destroyed property belonging to God/Goddess.
After pronouncing the 42 Laws of Maat, Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality speaks of the weighing of the Soul(Ka) for Truth on the Scales where the Soul of the deceased is measured against the weight the Feather of Maat in order to determine whether the individual has followed the 42 Divine Laws of Maat in Earthly life.
After the weighing of the Ka, if the Scales are balanced in favour of the person following the 42 Divine Law Of Maat , then the Soul passes from the Underworld to the Field of Reeds to join Ausar and the Ancestors in the afterlife.
The 42 Laws of Maat were the Divine foundation of the Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality which Ancient Egyptians believed in.
In their symbolic form, Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality regarded the 42 of Laws of Maat as represented by the Neter or Deity Maat as the Cosmic Law which ensures that Order prevails both on Earth and in the Universe.
Egyptian Kemetic Civilization in the Nile Valley was thereforefore able to flourish because Egyptian Kemetic Spirituality in the form of the 42 Divine Laws of Maat provided a foundation for Law and Order at both the Cosmic and Individual level that served to govern Earthly life in a Spiritual manner.