Africa In The Bible: Mizraim & Kush

Mizraim & Cush: Africa's Name In The Bible

Mizraim & Cush: The Name Of Africa In The Bible

Mizraim and Cush are the names by which Africa is called in the Bible.

These two names for Africa in the Bible, Mizraim and Cush are derived from names used by the Nile Valley Civilization Ancient Egyptians of Kemet for regions on the African continent.

Mizraim and Cush are mentioned in several Old Testament stories, particularly in relation to Joseph’s brothers.

Mizraim & Cush: The Name Of Africa In The Bible

When it comes to the name of Africa in the Bible, there are two schools of thought. Some believe that the continent was named after Mizraim, one of the sons of Ham (Genesis 10:6).

Others believe that the name Cush, which is also used in the Bible, is more accurate.

The word “Mizraim” is used in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) to refer to Egypt. It’s also used in the New Testament, where it’s sometimes translated as “Egyptians.” In both cases, it’s clear that Mizraim refers to the Nile River Valley and not to all of Africa.

The name “Cush” is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. Sometimes it refers to Ancient Ethiopia, sometimes to Sudan, and sometimes to a region that includes both countries. It’s also possible that the name Cush originally referred to all of Africa South of Egypt.

So which is it? Is Africa named after Mizraim or Cush?

What is Mizraim?

Mizraim is the name used in the Bible for Egypt. The word is derived from the Hebrew root m-z-r, which refers to a dress or tunic worn by Egyptians. In the Bible, Mizraim is used both as a proper noun and as a common noun denoting the Egyptian people.

The name Mizraim first appears in Genesis 10:6, where it is listed as one of the sons of Ham. Mizraim and his brothers Cush and Put were the three sons of Ham who settled in Africa. (The name Cush is also used in the Bible to refer to Ethiopia.) The biblical account of Noah’s Ark and the Flood says that after the Flood, Noah’s descendants dispersed from the land of Shinar and settled in various parts of the world. It is believed that Mizraim and his brothers settled in Africa.

Mizraim is also mentioned in Exodus 1:1, where he is listed as one of the Israelites who went down to Egypt with Jacob. The book of Exodus tells how Moses led the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt and back to their homeland in Canaan.

In later biblical literature, Mizraim becomes a symbol of all that is wicked and evil. In Ezekiel 32:15, God says that he will judge Pharaoh and all his army because they acted “wickedly” (the Hebrew word here can be translated as “evil

What is Cush?

Cush was the eldest son of Ham and a grandson of Noah. He is generally associated with the land of Nubia, in what is today northern Sudan and southern Egypt. The Bible often uses Cush to refer to all of Africa south of Egypt.

In Genesis 10, Cush is listed as the founder of several nations: the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaims, Amorites and Canaanites. Cush is also said to be the father of Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior and founded the Babylonian Empire.

The people of Cush were known for their skill in archery and for their love of luxury and extravagance. They were also considered to be wicked and idolatrous by the Hebrews. The prophet Isaiah specifically condemns the “curse” of Cush (Isaiah 18:1-7).

The book of Jonah tells the story of how God sent the prophet Jonah to preach against Nineveh, the capital city of Assyria. But before Jonah could reach Nineveh, he was swallowed by a great fish off the coast of Cush. This event led to the conversion of the people of Nineveh and saved them from destruction.

Today, there are many countries in Africa that are home to people descended from Cush: Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi.

How did Mizraim & Cush get their names?

The name Mizraim is used in the Bible to refer to Egypt, and is derived from the Hebrew word mitsrayim, meaning “two straits” or “narrow places”. This is a reference to the fact that Egypt is bounded by two bodies of water, the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.

The name Cush is used in the Bible to refer to a region in Africa which is generally believed to be located in what is now Ethiopia and Sudan. The name Cush comes from the Hebrew word kush, meaning “black”. This may be a reference to the dark skin of the people who lived in this region, or it may simply be a descriptive term for the land itself, which was covered with blacktop soils.

Where Are Mizraim and Cush In Africa today?

Mizraim and Cush are mentioned in the Bible as the names of two of the sons of Ham, who was one of Noah’s three sons. Mizraim is generally believed to be the Hebrew word for Egypt, and Cush is generally believed to refer to an area south of Egypt, which includes Nubia and Ethiopia.

Today, the nation of Egypt is called Mizraim in Hebrew, and Cush is used to refer to Ethiopia and Sudan.


In conclusion, we can see that the Bible uses Mizraim and Cush  interchangeably based on the names used by the Nile Valley Civilization Ancient Egyptians of Kemet.

It is likely that the terms Mizraim and Cush when used in the Bible refer to different but closely related parts of the African continent covering the entire Nile Valley Region which included Ancient Egypt all the way down into the Nubian South and parts of the Ancient Ethiopian land of Punt.

Instead of referring to Africa as one landmass, the Bible divides Africa into two distinct entities: Mizraim and Cush.

Both terms are still used today in various African cultures and have been integrated into the cultural identity of many African countries.