Medjai Warriors: Protectors of the Pharaoh in Kemet

Medjai Warriors: Protectors of the Pharaoh in Kemet

In the annals of Ancient Egyptian History in Kemet, the Medjai Warriors of Kush stood as a formidable force, renowned for their exceptional skills in combat and unwavering loyalty to the Pharaoh. Serving as an elite unit of the Egyptian Army, the Medjai used various weapons in the vital role the Medjai Warroirs played in safeguarding the Pharaoh by defending the Crown Of Kemet.

Additionally, we will explore how the Medjai Warriors played a significant role in the rise of Black Egyptian Pharaohs, who often emerged from their ranks, and how they originated from Southern (Upper) Egypt in the African interior.

The Spear: Primary Weapon of the Medjai

The spear, which also signified the Pharaoh’s authority as the Sekhem Sceptre in Kemet was one of the main weapons of the Medjai Warriors.

These warriors were highly skilled in spear combat, using it to both thrust and throw with great precision and power. The spear had a long shaft made from wood or bamboo, typically measuring around six to eight feet in length. At the tip, a spearhead made of bronze or iron was attached, giving it a lethal edge. The spear provided the Medjai with excellent reach and versatility in both close-quarter and open-field combat, making it an essential tool for their protective duties.

The Khopesh: Iconic Curved Sword

The Khopesh, a distinctive curved sword, was a weapon closely associated with the Medjai Warriors. This ancient Egyptian blade had a unique shape, featuring a curved edge on one side and a straight back on the other. The khopesh was primarily designed for slashing and hacking, allowing the Medjai to deliver devastating blows to their enemies. It was typically made of bronze or iron and featured an ornate hilt adorned with symbols and engravings, representing the prestige and status of its wielder.

The Bow and Arrow: Versatile Ranged Weapon

While primarily known for their prowess in close combat, the Medjai Warriors also excelled in archery dating back to the Ancient Pre-Dynastic Nile Valley Civilization of Ta-Seti.

Medjai Warriors: Protectors of the Pharaoh in Kemet

The bow and arrow were employed by these elite warriors to engage enemies from a distance. The Egyptian composite bow, made of layers of wood, sinew, and horn, was renowned for its strength and accuracy. The Medjai archers were highly skilled, capable of shooting with exceptional precision even on horseback. The arrows, tipped with sharp metal heads, were lethal projectiles that could strike down enemies at a distance, providing the Medjai with a versatile and effective ranged weapon.

The Shield: Defensive Arsenal

As protectors of the Pharaoh, the Medjai Warriors prioritized defense alongside offense. They utilized a variety of shields, most notably the large rectangular shield known as the “hedjet.”

Made from wood or wicker, the hedjet shield was often reinforced with a layer of animal hide or leather. It provided significant protection against melee attacks, allowing the Medjai to deflect blows and shield themselves and the Pharaoh from harm. The shields were sometimes decorated with intricate designs, symbolizing the elite status and prestige of the Medjai Warriors.

The Hedjet would later come to represent Upper (Southern Nubian Egypt) on the Double Crown of Kemet.

Other Auxiliary Weapons

In addition to their primary weapons, the Medjai Warriors utilized several auxiliary weapons to complement their combat skills. These included throwing knives, known as “nosehanshet,” which were small, double-edged blades used for short-range attacks. The Medjai also carried a “khepeshet,” a hooked sickle-shaped weapon used for disarming opponents or grappling. These auxiliary weapons served as backup tools, ensuring that the Medjai were prepared for any situation on the battlefield.

The Rise of Pharaohs from the Medjai Warriors

The Medjai Warriors held a significant role in the establishment of the Old, Middle, and New Kingdom Dynasties in ancient Egypt. These warriors originated from Southern (Upper) Egypt in the African interior, where their ranks were filled with individuals who demonstrated exceptional skills, unwavering loyalty, and a deep sense of duty to their kingdom and Pharaoh.

As the Medjai Warriors proved themselves in battle, many rose through the ranks, gaining prominence and earning the trust of the ruling Pharaoh. It was not uncommon for Pharaohs to emerge from the Medjai Warriors, as their exceptional combat skills and unwavering loyalty made them prime candidates for leadership. The Medjai became a symbol of honour, prestige, and divine protection, with their association carrying a sacred significance.

Pharaohs hailing from the Medjai Warriors brought with them a unique perspective and understanding of the challenges faced by the kingdom. They were intimately familiar with the intricacies of warfare, providing them with the necessary skills to lead their armies into battle successfully. Moreover, their strong connection to the Medjai Warriors allowed them to maintain a close and dedicated personal guard, ensuring their safety and security.


The Medjai Warriors of Kush, as an elite unit of the Egyptian Army, were entrusted with the vital duty of protecting the Pharaoh and the kingdom of Egypt in Kemet.

Their arsenal of weapons equipped them effectively for various combat scenarios.

Furthermore, the role of the Medai Warroris in the rise of Egyptian Pharaohs cannot be overlooked, as Pharaohs at times emerged from the ranks of the Medjai Warriors who hailed from Southern (Upper) Egypt in the African interior such as the 11th Dynasty which began the Middle Kingdom era under Mentuhotep II who was a Medjai Warrior.

The Medjai Warriors not only provided the Pharaohs with a devoted personal guard but also contributed to the establishment of the Old, Middle, and New Kingdom Dynasties of Kemet.

Their skills, discipline, and unwavering loyalty left an indelible mark solidifying the status of the Medjay as the Holy Warrior Protectors of the Egyptian Pharaoh in Kemet.