By the 7th Century the Islamic Empire had been established in the Arabian Peninsula, and the Islamic Golden Age would emerge as a result of the spread of Islamic ideas throughout this newly forged Empire.
This historic period has made immeasurable contributions to mankind in such fields as Science, Philosophy, and Medicine.
In-fact, its been suggested that without the preservation and development of knowledge in this era, the Renaissance would not have been possible because it relied on the knowledge passed on from the Islamic Golden Age.
Islam places emphasis on the importance of education and knowledge which resulted in a high literacy rate.
Ancient Muslim Scholars also did their best to advance their body of knowledge with a focus on learning and education as part of the Islamic Philosophy of a well-lived life.
Eventually formal schools known as Madrassas emerged and ideas were exchanged in these Centres of Learning scattered across the Empire as Libraries and Universities were built.
The Islamic Empire’s Government invested in its Scientists and Philosophers with one of the most important Islamic accomplishments of the period being the Great House of Wisdom in Baghdad which was an impressive Library constructed by the Emperor Caliph al-Mansur.
For inspiration the Islamic Empire was greatly influenced by the Persians and Greeks, and it translated a lot of classical works of Persian and Greek origin into Arabic.
The first significant translation projects included taking Islamic holy texts like the Quran and translating them into various languages to spread Islam around the Empire and the World.
Prominent Muslim Scholars and Philosophers emerged like Ibn Sina producing profound works that revolutionised the Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Philosophy, Mathematics and Medicine.
These Scholars would build on the information translated from Persian and Greek Texts to develop new ideas such as the Canon of Medicine which provided ways to diagnose dangerous diseases like Cancer, and in Mathematics innovations like Alegbra and Calculus would emerge.
The vast Translation projects of the Islamic Empire preserved and brought Ancient Graeco-Roman philosophical works to the West where they would be instrumental in sparking the Renaissance which has shaped the face of our modern world.
Its therefore safe to say Western Civilization and the World as we know it today in terms of Science and Culture would probably not exist without the contributions of the Muslim Scholars and Philosophers of the Islamic Golden Age.
The legacy of the Islamic Golden Age can be appreciated during one of the most important periods of Islamic influence in the West being the period when the Moors ruled Spain.