The Laws & Agreements That Decolonised Africa

Independence Laws & Agreements That Decolonised Africa

African decolonization movements played a crucial role in the decolonization of Africa, advocating for independence and pushing colonial powers to relinquish their control over African territories using a combination of negotiated Independence Agreements and Laws.

African decolonization movements emerged in the early 20th century, fueled by the desire for self-determination and the end of colonial rule.

These movements were characterized by a wide range of tactics, including protests, strikes, boycotts, and armed resistance. Leaders such as Kwame Nkrumah in Ghana, Jomo Kenyatta in Kenya, and Nelson Mandela in South Africa became symbols of the struggle for independence.

One of the key strategies used by African decolonization movements was to negotiate with colonial powers for independence.

This led to the passing of Independence Laws by Colonial Powers, starting with the Ghana Independence Act which was a piece of legislation passed by the British Parliament in 1957 granting independence to the Gold Coast, a British colony in West Africa that would become the Republic of Ghana. The Ghana Independence Act was a formal recognition of Ghana’s status as a sovereign State and established the legal framework for the transfer of power from the British colonial government to the Ghanaian people.

The Ghana Independence Act was a significant milestone in the history of Ghana and the decolonization movement in Africa as a whole.

This was followed by Independence Agreements negotiated by the African decolonisation movement such as the Lancaster House Agreement, which ended the Rhodesian Bush War and led to the establishment of Zimbabwe as an independent state.

Similarly, the CODESA negotiations in South Africa led to the end of Apartheid and the establishment of a democratic government in the country.

The Nigeria Independence Act also granted independence to Nigeria, paving the way for other African countries to follow suit.

The Kenya Independence Act also granted independence to Kenya, following a long and difficult struggle for independence.

Other important agreements included the Evian Accords, which ended the Algerian War and led to the establishment of an independent Algeria. The Loi Fondamentale as the new Constitution of the French Republic passed in 1958 also helped to grant independence to French Colonies in Africa such as Tunisia and Morocco, Senegal and Mali in 1960.

The British also passed the Tanganyika Independence Act granting independence to Tanganyika, which later joined with Zanzibar to form Tanzania


In conclusion, African decolonization movements achieved the decolonization of Africa through a combination of tactics, including negotiations, protests, and armed resistance.

Independence Agreements and Laws passed by colonial powers due to the efforts of African decolonisation movements thus played a crucial role in this process, granting independence to African countries and paving the way for the establishment of independent African states.