Professor Williams argues that properly understood, the Crusades were not a War between Christians and Muslims but rather, the Crusades were fought between two competing factions of Christianity.
It would be the conflict between these two Christian factions from the First to the Sixth Crusade that would create the conditions for the rise of Islam.
Christian Factions Of The Crusades That Created Islam
According to Dr Williams, from the origins of Christianity dating to the creation of the Serapis Cult by Ptolemy I after the Greek conquest of Egypt circa 332 BCE, there was controversy and debate as to the nature of the Christ.
When official Church Doctrine at the Councils Of Nicea and Chaceldon declared that Christ was both flesh and spirit, this represented a triumph of Dyophysite Christianity that would eventually lead to the rise of Islam which emphasised the Monophysite view of the Christ.
Under the reign of Theodisius, the Council of Chalcedon condemned the Monophysite heresy.
The Monophysites were pushed into Persia amongst the Seljuk Turks that were the greatest threat to the Byzantine Eastern Roman Empire with its Capital at Constantinople.
In addition, the Monophysites retained a strong presence in Egypt all the way into Syria.
The Crusades and The Creation Of Islam
In The Historical Origins Of Islam, Professor Williams suggest that the Crusades led to the creation of Islam because from the 1st Crusade, the Crusades were essentially fought between competing Monophysite and Dysophyte Christians and not between Christians and Moslems because Islam did not exist at the time the 1st Crusade was declared by Urban II in 1095.
Rather than pure religious fervour in the name of Christendom, the First Crusade was prompted by the Eastern Roman Empire’s (Byzantium) decline which resulted in Byzantium’s inability to protect its borders from invasion by the Seljuk Turks.
At this time, the Seljuk Turks identified as Monophysite Christians along with others in Egypt and Syria who did not regard themselves as the followers of a Religion separate from Christianity.
As a result, the Roman Church based in the Hagia Sophia at Constantinople sought the help of Western European Nobles to protect its lands and in doing so preserve the official Dyophysite Christian Dogma on the Spirit and Human Nature of Christ declared at Nicea and Chaceldon from being usurped by the invasion of the Turkish Monophysites.
By the time of the Sixth Crusade in 1223 however, the Monophysite Christians now under the banner of the Ottoman Turkish Empire had begun to distinguish their Monophysite Christianity by referring to themselves as Muhammedans as they seized more territory from the declining Eastern Roman Empire.
Rise Of Muhammedism and Birth Of Islam During The Crusades
Ali Ibn Arabi (1165–1240), was an influential Scholar, Philosopher and Mystic of North African Ancestry who was born in Spain during the time the Moors ruled Europe and Ali Ibn Arabi is regarded as the Father of Sufi Mystic thought.
Today 100 of his Manuscripts still exist and its speculated that over 850 works can be attributed to him.
As an influential Scholar, Ali Ibn Arabi’s teachings and writings gained widespread acceptance and followers in the regions outside Byzantium controlled by the Monophysites.
Professor Walter Williams goes on to suggest that during the Crusades, Ali Ibn Arabi’s teachings were first followed by local Bedouin Chiefs attracted to Sufism who called him ‘The Muhammed” or ‘The One Worthy of Praise”.
During the Crusades, the Ottomans galvanised around Ali Ibn Arabi’s teachings and after his death, an image of a Monophysite Saviour Legend was created around Ali Ibn Arabi which was used as the basis of the Saviour figure Muhammed in whose name the Ottoman Monophysites would complete the conquest of the Eastern Roman Empire.
By the Fall of Constantinople, which saw the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by the Ottoman Empire on 29 May 1453, the Monophysite Christians who had fought the Eastern Roman Empire since the 1st Crusade no longer regarded themselves as part of the Byzantine Christian Church even though they still retained a Monophysite view of the nature of the Christ Messiah.
After the conquest of Byzantium by the Ottoman Empire under the banner of Muhammedanism, Ali Ibn Arabi’s teachings were collected and used as the basis for a body of Muhammedans Texts such as the Hadith that are part of Orthodox Islam today.
The Ottoman Empire lasted for about 600 years after the fall of Byzantine and in the latter period of Ottoman Rule, Sultan Abulaziz (1861-1876) initiated a project for the Authorship of the Koran based on the Old Testament, the 4 New Testament Gospels, as well as the Biography and teachings of Ali Ibn Arabi.
This would culminate in the publication of the Koran in 1919 which portrayed a Monophysite Messianic Figure i.e. Muhammed of the new Religion of Islam based on the Koran whose followers were henceforth called Muslims.
In the final analysis, Islam and the Koran did not exist during the Crusades because from the First Crusade, the Crusades were a conflict between different Schools of Christianity arguing over the nature of Christ since the creation of the Serapis Deity.
The transition from Monophysite Christianity to Muhammedanism was the first step in the creation of Islam during the Crusades and the fall of Constantinople paved the way for the spread of Monophystic Muhammedanism in the world falling under the influence of the Ottoman Empire.
It is only after the fall of Constantinople at the end of the Crusades, that an official body of Muhammedan literature such as the Hadith emphasising a Monophysite Christ figure modelled on the life and teachings of Ibn Al Arabi was created and published later as the Koran in 1919 as a means by which the Ottoman Empire could define its sphere of influence in Asia and Europe following the its ascendency with the decline of the Roman Empire and up to its dismantling at the end of World War 1.
There was therefore no Koran or Orthodox Islam during the Crusades or at the time Byzantium fell.
Today, the Koran and Islam’s understanding of the Christ reveal its origins in the Christian Monophysite Heresy outlawed by the Council Of Chaceldon.
For these reasons, Dr Williams and other Historians such as Professor Peter Von Sivers assert that the Crusades actually gave birth to Islam because the Crusades pitted the official Dyophysite Christianity of the Eastern Roman Church with the Monophystic Christianity of Egypt, Syria and North Africa which would form the basis for Muhammedanism.
From this perspective, the figure of Muhammed in the Koran is as fictional as the Jesus of the New Testament Gospels that was created by the Roman Flavian Dynasty.
Muhammedanism would provide the basis for the Koran in 1919 when the teachings of Ibn Al Arabi were combined with the Old Testament and 4 New Testament Gospels to create the modern Religion of Islam which did not exist during the Crusades.