Nubian Black Pharaohs of Egypt ruled during Egypt’s 25th Dynasty.
Origins Of The 25th Dynasty Black Pharaohs Of Egypt
The foundation for the reign of the 25th Dynasty Black Pharaohs began during the period of Egypt’s Old and Middle Kingdoms when the Nubians of the Kemetic Ta-Seti Culture based in the settlement of Kerma in Northern Sudan (Upper Nubia) in the Nile Valley rose to prominence as a result of the decline of Egypt’s New Kingdom which had led to a decline in Egyptian influence and control over the Nubian Kingdom of Kush.
As Kush gained in confidence, its Kings would rise to become Egypt’s 25th Dynasty Black Pharaohs when they established Napata as the new Capital of Kush independent of Egypt.
The Establishment Of The 25th Nubian Dynasty Of Black Pharaohs
The rise of Kush and the establishment of a new Capital at Napata, coupled with the decline of the New Kingdom provided the conditions for the Nubians to claim the throne of Egypt.
In the 8th Century, the Kushite King Piye conquered Egypt and established the 25th Egyptian Dynasty of Black Pharaohs in 747 BC.
Piye was followed by a succession of Black Pharaohs until they were deposed by the Assyrians.
During the rule of the 25th Dynasty of Black Pharaohs in Egypt, great building projects were carried out in mainland Egypt with special attention being given to the City of Thebes which became the Capital of the Nubian 25th Dynasty Black Pharaohs.
The Black Pharaohs of Egypt’s 25th Dynasty also consolidated Egyptian power by exercising control over both Upper and Lower Egypt restoring Ancient Egyptian Culture, Power and Prestige that had been lost with the fall of the 24th Dynasty.
Memphis eventually became the capital of the 25th Dynasty Black Pharaohs with Egyptian Culture re-integrating the influences of its Nubian Pre-Dynastic Culture.
This cultural renaissance was expressed in the monuments and artworks of the 25th Dynasty, some of which have been preserved to this day.
One of the most significant was the production of the Shabaka Stone which recorded for posterity the Memphite Egyptian Monotheist Theology which had been developed from the era of Egypt’s First Six Dynasties under the Old Kingdom.
The names of the Black Pharaohs of Egypt’s 25th Dynasty were:
Tarqa: 690-664 BC
Historically, a testament to the strength of the 25th Nubian Dynasty of Black Pharaohs is contained in the Bible’s account of the Assyrian advance on Jerusalem during the reign of King Hezekiah who was assisted by the Kushite Army of the Black Pharaohs Of the 25th Dynasty in repelling Assyrian King Sennachrib’s siege of Jerusalem.
Decline Of The 25th Nubian Dynasty Of Black Pharaohs
The Kings of Kush who established the 25th Dynasty of Black Pharaohs were deposed from the Egyptian Throne in the Assyrian invasion of Egypt by King Ashurbanipal in 671 BC.
Thereafter the influence of the Black Pharaohs of Egypt’s 25th Dynasty was limited to Nubia,.
The 25th Dynasty Black Pharaohs subsequently moved their Capital to Meroe which would also become a great City in its own right until it was invaded by the Axumites who dealt a major blow to the Kingdom of Kush circa 330 CE.
Moroe was eventually abandoned Circa 330 CE marking the end of the reign of the Black Pharaohs of Egypt’s 25th Dynasty.