The Black Pharaohs that ruled Ancient Egypt were a significant part of the country’s rich history. These Pharaohs came from the South in Nubia or Kush, and they were responsible for creating the first dynasty that was led by Narmer. The Black Pharaohs continued to rule Egypt exclusively until 1650 BCE, when the Hyksos from Asia invaded and conquered Egypt, leading to a period of cultural decline and the Second Intermediate Period.
The Old Kingdom, which lasted from the First-Sixth Dynasties, saw the construction of great monuments such as the pyramids. The Black Pharaoh Narmer, also known as Menes, was the first to rule Egypt, creating the Old Kingdom by initiating the annexation of Northern Egypt from the South. He united Upper and Lower Egypt to create the first dynasty of Ancient Egypt.
During the Middle Kingdom, which consisted of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Dynasties, the Black Pharaohs brought stability to Egypt after a period of instability and civil war that followed the decline of the Old Kingdom. The Middle Kingdom was Egypt’s second Golden Age. The most significant contribution made by the Black Pharaohs during this era was the construction of The Karnak Temple Complex.
The New Kingdom era, which began with the 18th Dynasty of Ahmose I, saw the return of the Black Pharaohs after driving out the Hyksos from the Nile River delta and regaining control of the South. During this period, Egypt reached the height of its powers both domestically and internationally. The Black Pharaohs that ruled during the New Kingdom era include Hatshepsut, Tutankhamen, Ramses II, and Akhenaten. Elaborate temples such as Luxor were constructed by the Black Pharaohs during the New Kingdom era, and Egypt exercised control over the Mediterranean by controlling the naval trade with the Phoenicians all the way into the Aegaen Sea.
The reign of the Black Pharaohs ended after the fall of the 25th Dynasty when Egypt came under permanent foreign rule, first by the Persians, then by the Greeks under the Ptolemaic Dynasty, until its last Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra was deposed by the Romans.
The Black Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt were responsible for constructing many great monuments that still stand today. The pyramids in the Old Kingdom, The Karnak Temple Complex in the Middle Kingdom, and the temples of Luxor in the New Kingdom are just a few of the many impressive architectural feats attributed to the Black Pharaohs.
In conclusion, the Black Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt were a significant part of the country’s history, originating from the South in Nubia or Kush. These Pharaohs created the first dynasty, led by Narmer, and continued to rule Egypt exclusively until the Hyksos invasion in 1650 BCE. The Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms saw the construction of many great monuments attributed to the Black Pharaohs, including the pyramids, The Karnak Temple Complex, and the temples of Luxor. The reign of the Black Pharaohs ended after the fall of the 25th Dynasty, but their legacy lives on in the impressive architectural feats they left behind.
According to Chiekh Anta Diop in Civilization Or Barbarism, each Golden Age in the Old, Middle and Kingdoms marked a period of High Egyptian Culture because the Black Pharaohs of the Black Dynasties that created the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms revived the respect for Egypt’s Ancient authentic Culture like the Memphite Theology from the Shabaka Stone which came from the earliest days of the people of Nubia in the Southern Kingdom of Ta-Seti that they revered as their place of origin by calling it Ta-Neter (Land Of The Gods).
This Pre-Dynastic period which gradually progressed into the rule of the Black Pharaohs in Ancient Egypt is known as the Naqada Culture.
In Africa’s Egypt, Dr Yosef Ben Jochannan takes you on a breathtaking tour of the Ancient Egypt that was ruled by the Black Pharaohs of Kemet.