Before the Greeks called it Egypt, the land between the 2nd Cataract of the Nile River starting in the Sudan and all the way down into the Nile Delta and into the Meditterenean Sea was known as Kemet the land of the Black Africans.
The Origins Of The Black African People Of Ancient Kemet
The History of the African Kingdom of Kemet can be divided between the Pre-Dynastic era before the Pharoahs and the Dynastic period after establishment of the First Dynasty by the First Pharaoh Menes or Narmer in 3100 BC.
The Origins of Kemet lie in the Ancient Black Ethiopian Empire which stretched from the Highlands in Kenya all the way into the Lowlands of the Nile Delta into the Mediterranean and across the Red Sea.
Kemet was the name given to the Northern Part of Ancient Ethiopia starting at the 2nd Cataract of the Nile River starting in the Sudan and all the way down to the Nile Delta before the Nile emptied itself into the Mediterranean Sea.
The disintegration of the Ancient Ethiopian Empire saw the inhabitants of the Region between the 2nd Cataract of the Nile and the Mediterranean Sea create a Black Civilization that would be later identified as Kemet.
From the Pre-History of the area based on Anthropological studies and fossil discoveries dating to the Stone Age, most notably by Raymond Dart as well as Mary and Robert Leakey, the area from the Kenya, Sudan and into the Nile Delta was inhabited by the earliest Human Ancestors encompassing all the stages of Human evolution up to modern Homo Sapien Man.
The inhabitants of this area area and first Man is recognised as Black due to the Melanin adaptation necessary to survive in Tropical Climates in order to protect the Skin.
As such, Kemet was known as the “black land” or “land of the blacks”.
The people of early Kemet were therefore the Black Africans that emerged out of the natural evolution of Homo Sapien Man in Africa.
This aspect is also confirmed in the chronicles of Herodotus, the Greek Historian who described the people of Ancient Egypt as possessing “Black skin..wooly hair and having broad thick lips”.
This description fits the early African inhabitants of the region that can still be observed in the Sudan today.
Upper and Lower Egypt
The early Black African people of Kemet were split into two separate African Kingdoms known as Upper and Lower Kemet.
Upper Kemet (Upper Egypt) was in the African interior beginning in the Sudan area of the 2nd Cataract of the Nile, with Lower Kemet (Lower Egypt) starting at the Nile Delta all they way up to the Border with the Mediterranean Sea.
Lower Egypt was also close to Asia, and was the first to experience the influence of Asians, Arabs and Meditterenean Europeans who came into contact with Lower Egypt through established Trade links which probably existed during the Ancient Ethiopian Empire and continued even after its disintegration.
Its been suggested that although in this period the inhabitants of both Upper and Lower Egypt were predominantly Black, the external influences in Lower Egypt led to Religious conflicts with her Southern neighbour, Upper Egypt which was based in Sudan in the African interior.
It may also be the case that the Black Africans of Southern Egypt wanted to sieze control of the Trade with Asia and Europe from Northern Kemet for their own benefit.
As a result in 3100 BC a war was fought between Menes leader of the Southerners and The Scorpion King of Northern Egypt for the control of both Upper and Lower Egypt.
Menes from the South emerged victorious whereafter he established the First Dynasty of Kemet (Egypt) by uniting both Upper and Lower Kemet under one Crown.
Thus the land of Kemet later to be called Egypt became unified and the era of the Pharaohs began.
Contact with Asia and Europe continued at the Delta in Lower Egypt but Black African men and women continued to rule Kemet exclusively until 1650 BCE when the Hyksos from Asia invaded and conquered Kemet.
The Decline and Conquest Of Kemet
From the period of the Hyksos, the Black Pharaohs from the South would emerge periodically but most notably under Pharaoh Ahmose I, who founded the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt in 1550 BC thereby re-establishing African control of both Upper and Lower Egypt until the invasion of the Assyrians under King Ashurbanipal in 663 BCE who eventually expelled the Black Africans from Lower Egypt permanently.
After the decline of Kush and Meroe which lasted from 500BC to about 400 AD, other African Civilizations would emerge in the South and West of Africa beginning with Ghana followed by Mali/Songahi and their successors all of which benefited from the legacy of Ancient Kemet.
Its been speculated that the indigenous Pre-Dynastic wisdom teachings of Kemet date the Black African Kemetic Civilization to around 65,000 years, making Ancient Kemet the first and oldest Civilization known to Man despite the accepted Historical paradigm which seeks to date Civilization to only approximately 6,000 years ago.
In the final analysis, there is no doubt that Ancient Kemet existed as one United Black African Kingdom in the land between the Sudan and the Nile Delta which forms part of modern day Egypt in both the Pre-Dynastic and Dynastic era of Ancient Kemet later called Egypt by the Greeks.
Furthermore, before the invasions of the Hyksos, Assyrians, Greeks and Romans, the Black Africans of Ancient Kemet had already created an Ancient Civilization whose Ancient Teachings provided knoweldge in the Arts of Civilization in areas such as Medicine, Science, Astronomy and Philosophy that contributed to the development of both the Eastern and Western world who benefitted from their contact with the Black African people of Kemet since Ancient Times.
In Africa’s Egypt, Dr Yosef Ben Jochannan takes you on a breathtaking tour of the Temples built by the Black Africans of Ancient Kemet.