Black Dynasties were part Of Egypt’s Three Golden Ages during the Old, Middle & New Kingdoms beginning with First Dynasty under Menes or Narma which was formed by the Nubian Africans of Pre-Dynastic Egypt.
The fact that Ancient Egypt consisted of Black Pharaohs and Dynasties in all 3 Golden Ages of the Old, Middle and New Kingdom should not be surprising since Egypt’s First Dynasty was created by Nubian Africans from the South who were known as Ethiopians to the Ancient Greeks.
Black Pharaoh Dynasties Of The Old Kingdom First Golden Age: First-Sixth Dynasties
The Black African King Narmer or ‘Menes’, which means “he who endures” ushered in Egypt’s First Golden Age when he created the Old Kingdom by initiating the annexation of Northern Egypt from the South thereby uniting Upper and Lower Egypt to create the Egypt’s First Dynasty circa 3 000 BC.
Narmer originally ruled over the Southern Upper Nome of Thinis from where he led a coalition of leaders known as the “Thinite Confederacy’’ which subsequently conquered and combined all the Nomes or Cities of Upper and Northern Lower Egypt into one United Kingdom.
Narmer’s creation of Egypt’s First Dynasty is captured on the Narmer Palette.
Upper and Lower Egypt In The Old Kingdom
The Black Pharaohs of Egypt’s Old Kingdom which lasted from the First-Sixth Dynasties split Egypt into Southern and Northern Regions known as Upper and Lower Kemet.
Upper Kemet (Upper Egypt) was in the African interior beginning in the Sudan area of the 2nd Cataract of the Nile, with Lower Kemet (Lower Egypt) starting at the Nile Delta all they way up to the Border with the Mediterranean Sea.
Lower Egypt was also close to Asia, and was the first to experience the influence of Asians, Arabs and Meditterenean Europeans who came into contact with the Black people of Lower Egypt through established Trade links which probably existed during the Ancient Ethiopian Empire.
The First Golden Age of the Old Kingdom also marked The Pyramid Age of Ancient Kemet which saw the construction of the Pyramids that still stand today through a progressive improvement in Pyramid building techniques for which the Egyptian Savant of the Old Kingdom Imhotep is credited.
In time, the decline of the Old Kingdom Pyramid Golden Age would be caused by the constant infiltration of Lower Egypt from Asia and Meditterenean coupled with internal conflicts within Egypt iself over the sole right of the Pharaoh to the Afterlife which saw the people rebel against the Egyptian Monarchy in the Ausarian Revolution.
In the aftermath of the Ausarian Revolution, the priviledge of Funerary Afterlife Texts intially reserved for the Pharaohs at Tombs like Saqqara were extended through the Ausarian Religion to the ordinary people who also gained the right to the Afterlife when the Tomb Funerary Texts were converted to Coffin Texts such as the Egyptian Book of the Dead and placed in coffins of ordinary Egyptian Citizens who could now also access the Afterlife like the Pharaohs.
The decline of the Black Dynasties of the Old Kingdom in the aftermath of the Ausarian Revolution marked the end of Egypt’s First Golden Age.
Black Pharaoh Dynasties Of The Middle Kingdom Second Golden Age: Twelfth-Thirteenth Dynasties
The Black Dynasties of Egypt ushered in Egypt’s Second Golden Age after a period of instability and Civil War that followed the decline of the Old Kingdom which would see Mentuhotep II become the first Pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom which led to an era of peace and prosperity in Egypt regarded as Egypt’s Second Golden Age.
They were many notable Black Pharaohs during Egypt’s Second Golden Age in the Middle Kingdom era that began with Mentuhotep II’s 12th Dynasty.
Menthuhotep II himself is clearly depicted as a Black African in Official Statues and its therefore reasonable to conclude that the 12th and 13th Dynasties like Senusret III during Egypt’s Middle Kingdom Golden Age were Black Dynasties of African origin.
One of the most significant contributions the Black Pharaohs of the Middle Kingdom 12th and 13th Dynasties was the construction of The Karnak Temple Complex.
Contact between the Black people of Lower Egypt with Asia and Europe continued at the Nile Delta during the Middle Kingdom Golden Age but Black Africans continued to rule Kemet exclusively until 1650 BCE when the Hyksos from Asia invaded and conquered Kemet which resulted in a period of cultural decline and the Second Intermediate Period.
Black Pharaoh Dynasties Of The New Kingdom Third Golden Age: Eighteenth-Twentyfirst Dynasties
After driving out the Hyksos, the Black Pharaoh Dynasties of Egypt ushered in Egypt’s Third Golden Age known as the New Kingdom.
Again, they were many notable Black Pharaoh Dynasties in the period belonging to Egypt’s New Kingdom Third Golden Age which began with Ahmose I’s 18th Dynasty.
Ahmose I repelled the Hyksos from the Nile River delta and also regained control of the South.
Egypt reached the height of its powers both domestically and internationally during the reign of the Black Dynasty Pharaohs that ushered in the Third Golden Age of the New Kingdom.
These famous Pharaohs incuded Hatshepsut, Tutankhamen, Ramses II, and Akhenaten.
Elaborate Temples such as Luxor were constructed during the New Kingdom Third Golden Age whilst Egypt exercised control over the Meditterenean by controlling the Naval Trade with the Phoenicians all the way into the Aegaen Sea
The Third Golden Age of the New Kingdom Black Dynasties ended with the death of Ramses XI which led to the Third Intermediate Period under Libyan Rule from the 22nd to the 23rd Dynasty until the Nubian King Piye reconquered Egypt and re-established the Rule of the Black Pharaos from Nubia during the 24th-25th Dynasties.
After the fall of the 25th Dynasty Egypt came under permanent foreign rule first by the Persians then the Greeks under the Ptolemaic Dynasty until its last Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra was deposed by the Romans.
As stated above, the fact that Ancient Egypt consisted of Black Pharaohs and Dynasties in all 3 Major Golden Ages of the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms should not be surprising since Egypt’s First Dynasty was created by Nubian Africans from the South who were known as Ethiopians to the Ancient Greeks.
According to Chiekh Anta Diop in Civilization Or Barbarism, the main reason each Golden Age in the Old, Middle and Kingdoms marked a period of High Egyptian Culture is because the Black Pharaohs of the Black Dynasties that created the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms revived the respect for Egypt’s Ancient authentic Culture like Hieroglyphic writing from the earliest days of the people of Kemet in the Southern Kingdom of Ta-Seti that they revered as their place of origin by calling it Ta-Neter (Land Of The Gods).
It is for this reason, each Golden Age can be remembered for specific accomplishments in Culture and Technology that harken back to the lost Ancient wisdom that was being lost due to Ancient Egypt’s continous contact with foreign less developed Nations particularly in the Northern Region of Lower Egypt which continued to be affected by contact with Asia and the Meditterenean world.
In Africa’s Egypt, Dr Yosef Ben Jochannan takes you on a breathtaking tour of the Ancient Egypt that was ruled and built by the Black African Dynasties during the Three Golden Ages of the Old, New and Middle Kingdoms before the Assyrian conquest of Lower Northern Egypt.