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The Story of mankind during the Stone Age in Africa was illuminated during the 1920s following the discovery of the remains of the Hominid Australopithecus by Raymond Dart.
The discovery suggested the presence of a distinct Bi-Pedal Hominid in Africa about 3 Million Years ago.
Dart’s work was soon followed by the momentous work of Mary, Louis and Robert Leakey which unearthed more Hominid remains in East Africa’s Rift Valley Olduvai Gorge Region.
Their discoveries suggested the existence of a gradual evolution of Hominids on the African Plains, most notably, Austolopethicus, followed by Homo Erectus about 1.9 million years ago, and then to modern man, Homo Sapien who emerged approximately 40 000 years ago.
It was also established that Homo Sapiens had spread across the African Continent all the way to the African Savannah.
Furthermore, through Mitochondrial DNA analysis published in such works as The Journey Of Man, its been determined that the Hominids of the African plains are the common ancestors of all Human beings alive today, and its therefore clear that the origins of all humankind lie in Africa.
Early Life On The African Plains
Evidence of Stone Age African life on the African Plains has been found in Archaeological remains such as Bone Fragments, Stone Tools and Rock Art.
It was a life of Hunting and Gathering in which Stone Tools would be forged and used.
Artistic expression was also evident during the Stone Age in Africa in the form of Rock Paintings which also served a kind of Historical Record of the life and culture of the life of early Man on the African Plains.
Gradually, the Stone Age in Africa meant a Proto-Human Culture emerged which was characterised mainly by the division of labour between men and women.
This Stone Age African Proto-Culture would be the foundation of the Culture of later Societies on the Continent, and its divisions would become more pronounced with the arrival of Agriculture in the Iron Age.
At this stage, Social organisation was not very rigid and people were not usually organised in groups larger than 50.
They survived by foraging from nature, easing the burden with Stone Tools when these were available for the task.
Life during the Stone Age in Africa was also not based on the accumulation of wealth and tended to be mostly egalitarian.
This type of Society can still be seen in the San of the Kalahari Desert whose Stone Age way of life has been largely preserved.
The story of mankind begins on the African Plains and its from the Stone Age in Africa that Homo Sapiens emerged, and then migrated to create the foundations of the Culture of Empire and Kingship that would follow the Iron Age and the introduction of Agriculture around the world.
The Stone Age In Africa